What Causes Tonsil Stones? Tonsil stones might be a trivial medical condition—some people are even unaware the unexpected evil-smelling mucus inhabits their throat.
Known as tonsilloliths or tonsilliths, it is made up of the amassing of debris and bacteria invade the tonsil crypts. It ranges in size from wheat grain- to-nut-sized, and could even larger cause your throat to swell and feel discomfort. Although the stones rarely lead you to a serious health complication, their existence seems a bit bothersome.
What causes tonsil stones?
Here are ten causes why tonsil stones appear:
- Food Particles
- Anaerobic Bacteria
- Phlegm and Mucus
- Xerostomia (Dry Mouth)
- Dead White Cells
- Low Oral pH Levels
- Excessive Dead Tissues and Blood Cells
- Candidiasis or Oral Thrush
- Consuming a Big Number of Dairy Products
- Reappearing Tonsillitis
Read the explanations below;
1. Food Particles
One of the biggest causes that people might not realize is no other than the poor mouth hygiene. It’s imperative that you rinse, brush, and floss your hollow cavity regularly so the meal debris and plaque in between teeth and tiny pockets near gum can be removed.
Once it decays in the mouth, tons of noxious bacteria thrive and proliferate. The microorganisms feed on the nutrients found in the food so that they can grow in a big number resulting in tonsil stone formation.
2. Anaerobic Bacteria
Anaerobic bacteria are not only the main perpetrators behind gum disease and tooth decay, but they are indeed the underlying cause of chronic bad breath, often called halitosis. The bacteria mostly found in human’s oral cavity send out some volatile sulfur compounds or VSCs, composed of noisome gases such as cadaverine and skatole.
Just imagine how smelly they are, as you sniff on a piece of decaying flesh. The pathogens tend to congregate in the food debris that let them find their way to the crypts. Hence, the tonsil stones’ forming is inevitable.
3. Phlegm and Mucus
What causes tonsil stones letting your throat suffer a core matter you need to tackle down immediately. When respiratory problems affect your nasal passages such as sinusitis and allergies allowing you not to breathe properly, the mass quantities of phlegm and mucus are then produced.
The excessive mucus finally drops down to the rear of throat anytime the airway can’t keep up the mucilage. Your throat is such a strategic ground for the anaerobic bacteria thrive and breed.
4. Xerostomia (Dry Mouth)
You need to be careful if you have a dry mouth. Suppose if you’re a lack of saliva whose role is to cleanse the mouth and clear out harmful microorganism. You will find the anaerobic bacteria grow rapidly when their surrounding is less oxygenated.
It could turn out that tonsil stones evolve into larger fleshy components creating inflammation, swell, and problem in breathing. To avoid this, be sure to let your tongue and lips hydrated—drinking some glasses of water would be the right solution.
5. Dead White Cells
Tonsils are always identical with the primary immune system. When a virus, as well as potential pathogens, begins contaminating the tonsillar crypts, the white blood cells come up as a natural antibiotic.
They are very active in response to a threat like bacterial and viral infections. These body defense cells will stop living as they have successfully subdued the disease particles inside tonsil fissures. However, their remain turns into a serious matter since they add to the stones’ mass.
6. Low Oral pH Levels
pH level is very significant to measure the hydrogen ion concentration, as well as determining how acidic or how alkaline your mouth is. The bacteria grow very well anytime your mouth’s pH level is below 5.5—the acidic environment surely affects how the pathogens build up the tonsil stones.
In addition to the abundance of infections, the acerbic state plays a major role in causing dental caries (tooth enamel destruction) and gum disease. Avoid sugary food and use brush products comprising of xylitol to normalize the acidic levels.
7. Excessive Dead Tissues and Blood Cells
You need to be cautious, especially when you are suffering from mouth problems like dental caries or tooth decay (an infection by types of bacteria destroying tooth’s enamel), canker sores (whitish-yellow lesions on the tongue, as well as lips and gum line), and gingivitis (a type of gum disease).
They obviously will leave you dead tissues, as well as blood cells which can be the food source rich in protein for the anaerobic bacteria, the detrimental pathogens attacking your tonsils.
8. Candidiasis or Oral Thrush
Another mouth illness that you should be aware of is the candidiasis, the scientific name of thrush. It’s a fungal infection affecting the mouth and throat area because of the overgrown yeast and bacteria, creating tonsil stones rapidly.
The disease easily infects people since they are undergoing serious health problems, taking antibiotics or steroid medications, getting old, and being in chemotherapy treatment. Some symptoms you can feel, include a sore throat and difficulty while swallowing.
9. Consuming a Big Number of Dairy Products
Dairy products can cause the tonsil stones as most serious oral problem begins from them. Don’t you realize that either drinking too much milk or eating a lot of cheese, filled with proteins, can arouse dry mouth, and accumulate the acidic levels?
Like the previous description, the harmful bacteria seem to breed faster when their environment has lower pH level. Besides, milk is a substance which can aggravate the mucus density so that your swelling will get worse.
10. Reappearing Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis can happen at any age when the tonsils get infected. It’s contagious and caused by both bacteria and viruses. When you encounter the disease, you feel a sore throat, fever, and swelling. It’s not a serious threat to your health. On the other hand, recurring tonsillitis eventually can promote the creation of tonsil stones. The reason is tonsillitis contains some oral bacteria which are so active that letting your throat stay unfit.
Overall, what causes tonsil stones includes ten things you need to take notice; from the food particles to reappearing tonsillitis. The key factors to staying healthy are basically on what you eat and how you treat your body. Make sure to check on your health regularly.